Tests for climate neutrality
How can climate neutrality be defined?
Climate or carbon neutrality refers to the balance between the emission of carbon (greenhouse gases - GHG) and its uptake from the atmosphere in so-called sinks (e.g. forests, peatlands).
The European climate targets therefore refer to "net greenhouse gas emissions" (EU Green Deal) or "net zero emissions" (BMU Climate Protection Plan 2050). In both cases, this refers to a state in which there is a balance between the emission of greenhouse gases (CO2, methane, etc.) and their uptake from the atmosphere into sinks. This means that only those greenhouse gases (GHG) are emitted that can also be naturally reabsorbed by sinks.
The scientific definition of climate neutrality also includes non-greenhouse gas-related climate effects such as the radiative forcing of contrails, biophysical aspects such as soil and water pollution, raw material consumption, changes in biodiversity and health aspects. Due to the current incomplete data situation, climate neutrality is currently equated with greenhouse gas neutrality.
A uniform definition is currently being developed in
the ISO 14068 standardization project under the heading of carbon neutrality.
Services, products, companies, projects and events can be made climate neutral.
Why become climate neutral?
The recently published report of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) clearly stated that there is only one way to stop climate change - through massive reductions in GHG emissions.
The pressure on the economy is growing. More and more laws are being passed at national and international level with the aim of slowing down climate change in order to meet the 2°C and 1.5°C targets set out in the Paris Agreement. These include, for example, the amended Climate Change Act or the Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM) proposed by the EU Commission.
In addition to initiatives such as the IPCC or the Science Based Targets Initiative (SBTi) and multi-stakeholder associations that have taken up the 2 or 1.5 °C target, pressure on companies is also growing from customers and consumers. Similarly, sustainable corporate goals are increasingly a prerequisite for investment by a wide range of financial institutions and inclusion in certain stock indices.
Get ahead of the legislation with your business and send a clear signal to your stakeholders that you are ready to comply with the Paris Agreement.
How to achieve climate neutrality? The process in 5 steps
Surely you have already taken measures to make your company or product climate neutral. An external review (verification) by an independent body strengthens the credibility and integrity of your efforts.
First of all, you have to decide whether you want to account for your entire company or a product / service. Accordingly, the accounting standard (ISO 14064-1 / ISO 14067 / GHG Protocol Corporate or Product Standard) should be determined as the basis for determining your carbon footprint.
You should then consider for which balance sheet boundaries and against which materiality criteria you record your greenhouse gas emissions.
Once the balance limits have been defined, the carbon footprint can be created. If you already have an energy or environmental management system according to ISO 50001 or ISO 14001, you can also use your established structures and data for the greenhouse gas balance. Please have a look at our guidelines.
Your balance limits, especially with regard to Scope 3 emissions, and the balance standard are assessed against our catalogue of criteria and shown on the certificate and the seal.
The information obtained by creating the carbon footprint can now be used to design a target-oriented and sustainable climate strategy. To this end, a greenhouse gas reduction strategy for achieving climate neutrality is anchored in the corporate policy. You set measurable reduction targets related to a time period compared to a base year. Concrete and realistically feasible measures should be identifiable.
Your reduction targets and your climate strategy are also assessed against our catalogue of criteria and set out on the certificate and label
Unavoidable greenhouse gas emissions are offset by investments in environmentally relevant projects, e.g. via international standards such as Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), Gold Standard or Verified Carbon Standard (VCS). It should be noted that offset certificates may not be accounted for as a sink in your GHG balance.
Our catalogue of criteria defines various requirements that you can use to evaluate the quality of the compensation.
Your data and calculations as well as your measures are checked by an independent body - on the basis of documents and on site. If identified deficiencies are demonstrably remedied, you will receive a test report and a certificate of your climate neutrality.
You have taken a step towards climate neutrality. Now you can communicate what you have achieved: Publish your efforts and measures in a GHG statement and strengthen the trust of your customers and society in your company.
You can find more information on our information website climate-neutrality.com.
What are the prerequisites and requirements for achieving climate neutrality?
External verification by an independent body increases the credibility of GHG balances. The overriding requirement is that the verification is complete, independent and without conflicts of interest, i.e. that the verifier has not been involved in any way in the preparation of your GHG balance.
Accredited certification bodies are regularly controlled by the accreditation bodies of the European states, in Germany this is the Deutsche Akkreditierungsstelle GmbH (DAkkS). Non-accredited certificates should be questioned very critically!
We are happy to combine our verification of your GHG balance and your climate neutrality with existing management systems (e.g. ISO 14001 or ISO 50001) or existing legal reporting requirements (e.g. emissions trading or GRI standard).
Our auditors have multiple qualifications and can often audit several standards at the same time. Take advantage of the synergies.
Your data and calculations as well as your measures are checked - on the basis of documents and on site. If identified deficiencies are demonstrably remedied, you will receive a certificate of your climate neutrality. The complexity of the subject requires a systematic approach.
Our verification therefore takes place in the following test steps:
1- preparation of the verification
- Procedure, dates, required documents
- Strategic analysis and risk analysis by the VS unit, assessing the methodology and potential risks in the GHG inventory.
2- carrying out the verification
- Checking the completeness, consistency and correctness of your GHG balance sheet
- Conformity to climate neutrality in accordance with PAS 2060 (ISO 14068) through verification of decommissioned certificates and climate activities carried out
3- result of the verification
- Test report with notes and recommendations
- final test certificate (certificate)
We calculate the cost of verifying your climate neutrality individually, depending on the size and complexity of the company, the number of production sites, the amount of data required and the product portfolio.
Why you should tackle the topic of climate neutrality with GUTcert
In our DAkkS-accredited certification system includes all worldwide valid accreditation rules. This guarantees the international recognition of your certification. In addition, you benefit from the following advantages:
- In a GUTcert audit you receive valuable input beyond the mere confirmation of conformity, because our auditors have great expertise in their field and extensive knowledge of the industry.
- Do you operate globally? So do we: in association with our parent company, the AFNOR Group, we can carry out major international projects on a centralised basis with over 1,800 auditors worldwide.
Where can I find further information on climate neutrality?
Frequently asked questions
Read our FAQ for answers to frequently asked questions about the Carbon Footprint.